General knowledge about Pakistan
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Father of the Nation Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
· National Poet Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)
· Head of the State Mamnoon Hussain, President
· Head of Government Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister
· Capital Islamabad
· Area Total 796,095 Sq. km.
Punjab 205,344 Sq. km.
Sindh 140,914 Sq. km.
North West Frontier Province 74,521 Sq. km.
Balochistan 347,190 Sq. km.
Federally Administered Tribal Areas 27,220 Sq. km.
Islamabad (Capital) 906 Sq. km.
· Population 149.03 million
· Administrative SetupPakistan is divided into four provinces viz., North West Frontier Province (NWFP), Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The tribal belt adjoining NWFP is managed by the Federal Government and is named FATA i.e., Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have their own respective political and administrative machinery, yet certain of their subjects are taken care of by the Federal Government through the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas. Provinces of Pakistan are further divided into Divisions and Districts
DivisionsDistricts NWFP 7 , 24
Punjab 8 , 34
Sindh 5 ,21
Balochistan 6 ,22
While FATA consist of 13 Areas/Agencies and Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have 7 and 5 Districts respectively.
· Religion 95% Muslims, 5% others.
· Annual Per capita income Rs. 28,933 (US $ 492 approximately)
· GDP 5.1%
· Currency Pak. Rupee.
Industrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles, steel, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil, pulses, tea.
Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items carpets, sports goods, handi-crafts, fish and fish prep. and fruit
Urdu (National) and English (Official)
· Literacy rate
Parliament consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House).
The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 100 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college.
The National Assembly has a total membership of 342 elected through adult suffrage (272 general seats, 60 women seats and 10 non-Muslim seats).
· Pakistan National Flag.
Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolises Pakistan’s profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of religious miniorities.
· National Anthem
Approved in June, 1954
Verses Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri
Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla
Duration: 80 seconds
· State Emblem
The State Emblem consists of:
1. The crescent and star which are symbols of Islam
2. The shield in the centre shows four major crops
3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage and
4. Scroll contains Quaid’s motto: Unity Faith, Discipline
· Pakistan’s Official Map
Drawn by Mian Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999)
· National Flower
· National Tree
Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).
· National Animal
· National Bird
Chakor (Red-legged partridge)
Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry
The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls
· Popular games
Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash.
· Tourist’s resorts
Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit
· Archaeological sites
Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.
· Major Cities
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot
· Major Crops
Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane
· Agricultural Growth Rate
4.15% in 2002-03
· Total cropped area
22.0 million hectares
Textiles, Cement, Fertilizer, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding
Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal, and Liquid Petroleum Gas
Power Generating Capacity
Basic Health Units (BHUs)
Maternity & Child Health Centres
Rural Health Centres (RHCs)
Tuberculosis (TB) Centres
Lady Health Workers
Arts & Science Colleges
Public Sector (including one WomenUniversity)
· Transport & Communication
Total length of roads
Pakistan Railway network
Pakistan International Airlines
Covers 33 international and 21 domestic stations with a fleet of 44 planes.
8 (Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar, Multan, Faisalabad and Gwadar)
2 (Karachi and Bin Qasim.)
Fish Harbours-Cum-Mini Ports
3 (Minora, Gawadar, and Keti Bandar)
Public Call Offices
Total Labour force
Employed Labour Force
Manufacturing & Mining sector
Finance, Community & Social Services
Print Media (In accordance with Central Media List)
PPI, NNI, On Line and Sana.
Five TV centres at Islamabad, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta and Karachi covering 88.58% population and 29 re-broadcasting stations.
4 channels (PTV-I, PTV-II (PTV World), PTV-III & PTV-IV)
Registered TV sets
Total 25, Home services in 19 languages. External Services cover 81 countries in 15 languages
Radio stations 3, TV transmitter channels 3
State Bank of Pakistan
National Bank of Pakistan
Habib Bank Ltd.
United Bankn Ltd.
Muslim Commercial Bank Ltd.
Allied Bank of Pakistan Ltd.
First Woman Bank
The Bank of Punjab
Bank of Khyber
Agricultural Development Bank of Pakistan
Federal Bank for Co-operatives
Industrial Development Bank of Pakistan
The Punjab Provincial Co-operative Bank
· Famous MountainPeaks
K-2 (Mt. Godwin Austin)
28,250 ft./8611 m (2nd in World)
26,660 ft./8126 m (8th in World)
26,470 ft./8068 m (11th in World)
· Famous Mountain Passes
The Khyber Pass
The Bolan Pass
Beas (tributary of Sutlej)
· Famous Glaciers
· Major Dams